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Vertigo - Dr Srikanth

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Understanding Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Introduction:
Welcome to our comprehensive guide on Vertigo. If you’ve ever experienced the sensation of spinning or dizziness, you’re not alone. Vertigo is a common condition that affects millions of people. In this article, we’ll explore what vertigo is, its causes, common symptoms, and treatment options.

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a type of dizziness where a person feels as if they or their surroundings are spinning or moving, even when they are perfectly still. It’s important to note that vertigo is not a disease in itself but a symptom of an underlying issue. The spinning sensation can range from mild to severe, and it can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea and balance problems.

Causes of Vertigo:

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV): The most common cause of vertigo, BPPV occurs when small calcium particles in the inner ear become dislodged.
Meniere’s Disease: A disorder of the inner ear that can lead to vertigo, along with hearing loss and ringing in the ears.
Vestibular Neuritis: Inflammation of the vestibular nerve, often caused by viral infections.
Labyrinthitis: An inner ear infection that can result in vertigo, accompanied by ear pain and hearing loss.
Migraines: Some individuals experience vertigo as a migraine symptom.
Other Causes: Head injuries, tumors, and certain medications can also lead to vertigo.

Symptoms of Vertigo:
Common symptoms of vertigo include:

  • Spinning or swaying sensation
  • Nausea and vomiting
    Unsteadiness or loss of balance
    Sweating
  • Hearing loss or ringing in the ears

    Diagnosis and Treatment:
    Diagnosing the underlying cause of vertigo is crucial for effective treatment. A healthcare provider may conduct a physical examination, review medical history, and perform various tests, such as the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, audiometry, or imaging studies.

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